THe PROject

Kukula began operating in the village of Antintorona in 2019 to enhance the island’s food production system by introducing sustainable agricultural practices.

The project relies on a close collaboration between Kukula’s team, the local population and all relevant stakeholders. The sharing of technical and theoretical knowledge contributed to creating a solid basis for a sustainable and self-sufficient development model.

Sector of intervention

Agriculture and environmental protection


(Nosy Komba),


Private donors


Malagasy forest guard

600 direct
and indirect

20 months
(Apr 2019 – Dec 2020)

The problem

The country’s economy is mainly agricultural: the sector employs 74.5% of the workforce, contributing 21.5% to the national GDP. However, only 5.1% of the land area is arable due to the roughness of the land, resulting in agricultural production being below subsistence level.

Among the agricultural practices used for generations in Madagascar, the “slash-and-burn” method has had the greatest negative impact on the environment: farmers deforest and burn large areas of primary forest to obtain plots of arable land, destroying entire ecosystems and seriously threatening the country’s biodiversity.

the solution

Synergistic agriculture is a method applied in organic farming, a technique that applies agronomic practices aimed at reducing the environmental impact, but also improving soil fertility and the health of the entire soil-microorganism-plant system.

Zero tillage

The root system of plants together with the fauna and microfauna in the subsoil ensure a stable nutrient balance.

No fertilizers

Continuous fertilization of the soil thanks to the roots of the plants, which are never removed from the soil, and thanks to mulching, a permanent organic cover.

No synthetic treatment

Protection of the soil fertility in order to recreate favorable and long-lasting natural conditions.

No soil compaction

Half of the volume of healthy soils consists of empty spaces, in which air can circulate and water is stored. Continuous aeration is a key element for the survival of all micro-ecosystems in the subsoil.


Main objective

The main objectives of the project are (1) to promote sustainable food production systems through the introduction of resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity while preserving ecosystems, (2) strengthen the system’s capacity to adapt to climate change and extreme climatic conditions (such as droughts and floods) and (3) progressively improve soil quality.

specific objectives

    • Train and raise awareness of the local population.
    • Optimize the production and reuse of agricultural waste.
    • Improve the efficiency of the water system.
    • Enhance food security.
    • Support economic development.
    • Ensure the replicability of the project.

THE activities

The activities foreseen within the project are aimed at implementing a sustainable agricultural development model that can be replicated in different environmental contexts.

In Antintorona, a crop plan was developed by an experienced local farmer and by the project coordinator, who also oversaw the progress of the activities and the management of expenses. Local managers were trained to manage the activities, ensure the replicability and sustainability of the project and train other specialized staff.

training of local people
on agricultural techniques that ensure food security while preserving local biodiversity.
expansion of the agricultural area
through the rehabilitation of land that was compromised by unsustainable agricultural practices, such as monocultures.
diversification of production
through the introduction of new crop varieties.
installation and monitoring

of different irrigation systems and comparison of their efficiency in terms of water consumption and agricultural productivity.

introduction of composting methods
useful to process the organic waste of the village and enhance soil fertility.
creation of a vegetable market
for the distribution of zero-mileage products in the village of Antintorona and establishment of partnerships for the sale of products in neighboring villages and islands.
planting of fruit trees

for the setting up of an agroforestry system.

Diffusion of the project

through the creation of another vegetable garden based on synergic agriculture and the improvement of the water system in the near village of Ampangorina.

For more information download the activity report






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